Ludo Groen is a doctoral candidate in the history and theory of architecture (gta) at ETH Zürich, while practicing architecture from his eponymous studio. His doctoral research, part of the SNSF-funded research project “Switzerland: A Technological Pastoral,” documents the architecture of Swiss banking before and after 1968.
        Between 2018 and 2021, he worked as a researcher at The Berlage at Delft University of Technology and Het Nieuwe Instituut, the Dutch institute for architecture, design, and digital culture. At The Berlage he was involved in the organisation of lectures, master classes, teaching, and various book projects. At Het Nieuwe Instituut, he contributed to various exhibitions and research projects, including Automated Landscapes, which will be published in the forhcoming book Automated Landscapes, documenting the emerging automated architectures of dairy farms, greenhouses, data centers, and factories, in the Netherlands and beyond.
        Ludo holds a master degree in architecture from Delft University of Technology and a post-master degree from The Berlage.


Automated Landscapes:
Time, Cycles, Automata

Bi-City Biennale of Urbanism Architecture in Shenzhen
December, 2020

This contribution argues that self-operating machines have been part of life in China since ancient times—from anthropomorphic automata to water-driven clocks and puppet theatres. A five-channel video installation by Juan Arturo García conceptualises a Shenzhen-based factory as a clock—driven by global capital rather than nature —reflecting on the coalescence of human, non-human, and more-than-human time cycles of contemporary automation. 
*with Marten Kuijpers, Marina Otero Verzier, and Merve Bedir. Video by Juan Arturo Garcia. Photos by Zhou Rhui.